Civil War and industrialization

United States in 1861. Union states that permitted slavery. States that ceded to the politics of slavery before the April 15, 1861. States yielded to political political slavery after April 15, 1861. States of the Union to punish slavery. Territories.
Main article: American Civil War, Reconstruction, and Spanish-American War
Tensions between pro-slave states and the abolitionists, with the increase of disagreements in the relationship between the federal and state caused violent conflicts in the expansion of slavery into new states. Abraham Lincoln, candidate of the cnn Republican Party and a great abolitionist, was elected president in 1860. Before they took office, seven slave states declared their secession from the United States, forming culture the Confederate States of America. election The federal government argued that secession was illegal, and soon the attack by the secessionists at Fort Sumter, thus initiating the American Civil War.
After the victory of the Union in 1865, added three amendments to the Constitution education to guarantee freedom of the nearly four million African Americans who had been slaves became citizens and giving them the right to vote. The war and its resolution led to a substantial increase in economic the powers clinton of the federal government.
After the war was the united states assassination of President Lincoln, during the time known as the Reconstruction policies which were aimed at reintegration and reconstruction of the southern states while guaranteeing the rights of freed slaves. The controversial 1876 presidential election was resolved by the Compromise of media 1877, which recognized policy the Southern Democrats as president Rutherford B. Hayes bush in exchange for religion the withdrawal of remaining troops deployed in Louisiana, government South Carolina and Florida.
Beginning in 1876 begin to apply the so-called Jim Crow laws, which last for philosophy until 1965, and in some cases through which to vote apply the George bush philosophy “separate but equal” to the coexistence between blacks and whites.
In the North, urbanization and an unprecedented influx of immigrants accelerate the industrialization of the country. The wave of immigration, which lasted military until 1929, provided labor for U.S. businesses, transformed their culture. The high tariff protection, race creation of national infrastructures and new banking regulations encouraged industrial growth. In 1867 was the purchase of Alaska to Russia, completing the expansion of the country. The Slaughter of Wounded Knee in 1890 was the last major armed conflict against Native Americans. In 1893, the monarchy in the Pacific indigenous Hawaiian Kingdom congress was overthrown in a coup iraq d’etat led by the residents of America, the archipelago was annexed by the United States in 1898. The victory in the Spanish-American War that same year, demonstrating that the United States was a world power and led to the annexation of Puerto Rico and the Philippines. Philippines gained independence in 1956, Puerto Rico remains a free associated state of the United issues States.
After 1898, after the Spanish-American War United States was gradually becoming an increasing influence in the world.

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