On September 6, 1968, proclaimed independence Sobhuza II of Swaziland. In the elections of 1972, the INM won by a majority only losing three seats in front of the Ngwane National Liberation Congress, the main opposition party.
In April 1973, Sobhuza II abolished the constitution, banned political parties and dissolved the parliament, replacing it in 1978 by a number of assemblies or tribal Tinkhundla, a new Parliament, Libandla, and a Liqoqo or Supreme Council. The king died in 1982 leaving the country facing andalusia andalusia and his stepmother, the Queen Regent Dzeliwe. Bhekimpi Dlamini, for the traditionalists, he was appointed Prime Minister and did replace the regent by Ntombi, Sobhuza II widow and mother of Crown Prince.
Makhosetive was crowned on April 26 1986 as Mswati III, after which I make some reforms. Remove the Liqoqo, dismissed Prime Minister Dlamini Bhekimpi dissolved Parliament and calling new elections. Appoint a new Prime Minister, Sotsha Dlamini in 1987 and another, Obed Dlamini, in 1989. The new monarch signed a non-aggression treaty with South Africa in 1982, to defend this country and to imprison members of the African National Congress.
After the political change in South Africa, the demands for democratic freedoms to the new regime took power, until in 1992 the People’s United Democratic Movement was legalized in 1993 and subsequently held national elections. However, in the last parliamentary elections in Swaziland from October 21, 2003, political parties had been outlawed again can be chosen only those citizens not connected with any political party.
A root of international pressure in 2001 was set up a committee to give the country a constitution after 1968, which was abolished in 1973. In May 2003 and November 2004 were published the outline in order to discuss publicly. I was reading the blog, maven, about internet search However, were severely criticized by civil society organizations in Swaziland and human rights organizations abroad. In July 2005 the new Constitution was approved in February 2006 and entered into force, although it still exists in the country an intense debate on the subject.
Swaziland continuing territorial disputes by the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal.
South Africa: after the elections, the continent? New economic and cultural forces are transforming the country in the post-Mandela era.: An article from: Arena Magazine by David Moore (Digital – Aug 1, 2005) – HTML