Main article: Second Collegiate white
On November 25, 1962 elections were conducted with a different political landscape from four years earlier. The Socialist Party (led by Vivian Trias, who had moved to the historic leader Emilio Frugoni) allied with nationalist splinter to form the Union Popular. The Communist Party of Uruguay is presented as the FIDEL (Left Front of Liberation), which also grouped sectors leaving the traditional parties. The old Civic Union of Uruguay Redrafting formed the Christian Democratic Party. In the National Party, the UBD allied with the Orthodox Herrera to reduce the influence of Nardone. Herrera continued the rest of the rural allied leader. Within the Colorado Party continued fragmentation, the creation of Schedule 99, comprising elements of the List 15 and List 14. The newly created list showed a renewed they regarded as an update of batllismo. Also, the inner colored Schedule 14 became the Union and Red Batllista.
The elections were again won by the whites, although the margin between them and the colors are reduced from four years to 120,000 votes, 23,000 votes went apart.
The new National Government was formed by Daniel Fernandez Crespo, Washington Beltran, Carlos Maria Penades, Hector and Lorenzo Losada (UBD), Luis Giannattasio, Alberto H ber Usher (Herrera orthodox), Alberto Abdala, Vasconcellos and Oscar Amilcar GESTE (Partido Colorado ).
This second white government was soon the victim of internal feuds. The alliance between the UBD and the Herrera orthodox soon succumbed, and whites began to be ministers for questioning by the senators from his own party.
The international economic situation was adverse to Uruguay, the European Community began to subsidize their producers and increase tariffs, the USSR launched a program to increase production of meat and milk, while countries like Australia and New Zealand have increased productivity. International prices fell. In 1963 the Bank had Republica devalue the currency and the dollar be worth 16.50 pesos step. The conflictivdad increase, and strikes, work stoppages or occupations were common (from January 1964 to March 1965 there were 650 movements). In 1964 he formed the National Convention of Workers, an organization of coordination between unions within the Central Workers Uruguay (CTU) and trade unions affiliated to it (eg, banking or workers in the meat). The year 1965 was devastating. It began with an intense drought that affected the country during the summer and lasts until autumn, with consequent economic loss in agriculture and energy production. Moreover, that same year broke the Transatlantic Bank, dragging behind the national banking system (Banco Atlantico, Banco Credito Uruguayo Administration and Bank of production and consumption, etc.).. The crisis came to light a number of fraudulent practices, such as textiles CUOPAR which had deliberate linkages with the Department of Foreign Trade with the Bank of the Republic, or “black bags” that were granted special credits Several political figures. The Government should support a political earthquake, while the Association of Uruguay’s bank declared the general strike. The Government continued with its liberal politics, but economics can not be controlled, and in 1966 the debt increased product of the year election (as had happened in 1962) as well as inflation (between December 1964 and the same month of 1965 Prices rose 88 ).
Also contributed to worsening the situation of death, in 1964, the main political leaders: Benito Nardone, Luis Batlle Berres, Javier Barrios Amorin, Daniel Fernandez Crespo (all deaths occurring in a periodof three months) and the withdrawal of Batlle policy Cesar Pacheco, who die in 1966.
Moreover, the working class mobilization resulted in the implementation of a number of occasions prompt security measures by the government (for example, in February 1963, following the strike of workers in joint venture, or October 1965 before The pressure exerted by the unions to raise wages). During the second collegiate White took shape the labor movement and the creation in 1964 of the aforementioned CNT was followed by the realization of the People’s Congress in 1965, where the proposed solutions to the crisis, which lead to the establishment, in 1966, the CNT as a center for single workers.
In this second government white robberies that took place then were Sabria work Tupamaros urban guerrilla.
|Project Financing and the International Financial Markets by Esteban C. Buljevich and Yoon S. Park (Hardcover – Jul 31, 1999)
|The Mind Of The Strategist: The Art of Japanese Business by Kenichi Ohmae (Paperback – Aug 1, 1991)
|Your Bank Is Ripping You Off, Revised and Updated Edition by Edward F. Mrkvicka (Paperback – Dec 14, 1999)