All the types of psychological treatments have not been put under properly on approval. The most investigated, until the moment, he has been the mental-behavioural one. From this approach effective treatments for a diversity of problems have been derived: upheavals of anxiety, greater depression, sexual dysfunctions, problems of pair, upheavals of feeding, drogodependencias, upheavals of conduct in the childhood, control of sphincters and, in combination with medical interventions, schizophrenia, pain and upheaval of deficit of attention with hyperactivity. The psychoanalytic, psicodinmicas therapies, existential systemic humanists and have not been investigated sufficiently until the moment, reason why it is not possible to be affirmed if they are effective or not (Spanish Society, 2002). Reason for consultation When a person attends a visit with a professional of the mental health the reasons that take more commonly it to do it refers the lightening of a suffering, of a suffering. Generally the patient feels that there is something in his person that it is causing some suffering to him, some psychic pain.
But it does not know what is specifically nor how to act against it. It is very common to observe that the person who requests the consultation is a third party (a relative, pair or friend) that is worried or perceives that something is happening to him to its dear being. A great percentage of patients goes to therapy because other people attended, obtained the aid whom they asked for and therefore they recommend the professional. One of extended myths more is than the psychologist is a species of friend, to who one can tell a difficulty him, and that this one is enabled (legally authorized) to advise with respect to the solution. The therapist only represents an objective mirror, a other I who am in favor of outside us who listen to us what really we are meaning. He gives back a representation to us, an image of we ourself and the relations that we maintain; hyped by the word that our defensive mechanisms did not allow the access to brings back to consciousness.