Euro-4 (EN-590: 2004) – the most advanced to date, the environmental standard, which includes the requirements of European Directive 98/70/EC on fuel. This standard has several versions, which have arisen in connection with a stepwise stricter requirements for emissions. Euro-1 appeared in Europe in 1994 simultaneously with the European Union, the Euro-2 – in 1996. Since 2000 the eu introduced a standard Euro-3, which provides a maximum emission of co in the amount of 0.64 grams per kilometer for passenger cars. Since January 2005, entered into force on Euro-4 standard, providing for reduction in carbon emissions even in 2,3 times, and hydrocarbons – in 2 times. To date, in European Union's use of cars and fuel below Euro-4 standards are strictly prohibited. In 2008, Europe will be put into force of Euro-5 level limitations which is not yet officially installed. Providing high requirements of European Directive 98/70/EC on fuel is achieved in the production and use of fuels with sulfur content below 50 ppm (EN-590: 2004)..
Since 2006, Chinese production of buses is in stable condition, and even shows a tendency of growth. For more information see Robert Kiyosaki. Over the past few years the market bus production in China began to develop and expand. For Russia, China – One of the most attractive partners in the supply of buses. Russia fleet of buses for quite a long time considered obsolete, and made domestic bus by about 10% more expensive than what is actually large exponent. Last year, production of buses in China produced about 400,000 buses. Not only on appearance but also in the domestic market in China is growing demand for bus services – during the Olympics in Beijing, Chinese cities have begun upgrade bus fleet. Foreign countries also began to show interest in the Chinese coaches.
In China, several major bus manufacturers – Haiger, "Chzhuntun", "First Automobile Corporation, and many others. Even the Russian passengers and drivers familiar to many names. For example, in 2006 in Russia was delivered 40 buses firm Chzhuntun "(in Novosibirsk). A tour of the Golden Ring are conducted on buses, "First automobile. The most attractive factor when buying a Chinese buses is price. The Chinese are also interested in entering the Russian market, so they quickly and flexibly able to adapt to conditions of the client.
The only problem with buying Chinese buses is the inability of buses to the Russian climate, so they have to install some additional modifications, such as heaters, heating systems and the like. And in the winter sometimes there are situations when the bus just will not start. In addition, Chinese and Russian have some anthropological differences, which is also quite problematic in the use of Chinese buses. This also applies to the width of aisles in the cabin, and the height of front doors, and the height of the thresholds – in general, go to the Chinese bus to the Russian people to say the least, uncomfortable.
The latter is just afraid of the insurers, so that on March 1 as a day of lobbying osago price increase is no accident. The law somehow 'forgot' to describe the procedure itself, under which insurers must be all shake down. And what if a company that owes, because of the crisis would be insolvent 'Then the market will earn domino: will be covered and the relatively prosperous organization. If officials do not have time prepare a uniform standards, there will be even bigger mess. Educate yourself with thoughts from Pinterest. Presentation – at his own expense make it easier for insurers burden help passage of the bill, which on Friday was approved on first reading. If New amendments to the law on compulsory motor tpl insurance will be accepted, motorists will lose their opportunities to seek compensation for compulsory motor tpl for the loss of commercial value (TCB) of the car after the accident.
tcb expelled from the damages recoverable by Contract . As a result, much of the cost of car repairs after an accident will suffer the owners of broken machines. The law is now no clear wording regarding compensation tcb. This gap is often beginning to cause litigation – Motorists demand from insurance companies appropriate compensation. And often sought her: The Supreme Court on their side. By its decision, 'the loss of commercial value – this damage and, therefore, loss that must be compensated cmtpl '. Insurers and their supporters do not agree: in their view, the commodity price of the car can not be compensated for compulsory civil liability motor, because its loss can not be restored after repair of an accident.
Machine for a few life changing hosts – such is life. Purchase of used cars, unfortunately, to date, may end altogether neradostno for the buyer. In our country every day hijacked hundreds of cars, some of them after a while once again declared in the auto market, which makes it extremely difficult choice of car. At least the deregistration of individuals held in high esteem these days, because before all the cars sold by proxy. Nobody may be immune to this.
Not recommend to rely on the fact that after throwing his sights on the identification number, you will understand what happened to him that something was wrong. But to buy a car can be killed in any region of Russia. Numbers of units controlled when the vehicle is registered in the SAI and inspection, but that's not enough. Expertly forged documents (vehicle registration document, the GRA, a contract of sale car) unprepared person also did not identify. Consider what kind of problems may be waiting for you when purchasing the car on the spontaneous auto market: A machine with genuine documents, but a broken accommodation units. In the case reveal initial marking and, accordingly, the origin of the TC is not possible, you will have to wait for the refusal to register the car to replace the unit (ie, gain neperebity body or engine, we make the change, we get numbers). If you can find the starting number and the initiator of the search, and the man who stole a car, wants to get the car back, crying your money.
Speed is reduced by the reduction gearing. In the best case, after an incorrect assess their capabilities driver realizes his mistake once in a roadside snowbank. Often on winter road you can see an accident, which was attended by several cars. Model of these accidents is quite simple: one who stands Last not keep your distance, move down the road at high speed. And even the emergency brake did not saved the car from a collision. Observing the elementary rules of caution can avoid situations in which your vehicle plays the role of the last car in "road train". And not to be in place first car, avoid sudden braking.
On the winter road braking should be smooth and continuous. If you see that stop earlier than required, it is always possible to release the brake pedal and just roll at very low speed until the stop point. Otherwise, noting that the machine does not have time to stop motorist hits the brakes harder, and often that is what leads to a wheel lock and a subsequent drift. NOTE: the sharp deceleration on any road surface, even under good weather conditions leading to the creation Emergency! Another piece of advice to drivers, following a long distance. Put the bag in the trunk with raw sand. This will provide directional stability and uniform distribution of load on the front and rear axle vehicles, and more sand can be used if you demolished on ice.
Particularly dangerous for the driver are junctions and public transport, where the road is a thumb-wheel braking Car cover, sprinkled with snow or covered with a crust of ice. Advise on the approach to a dangerous site, reduce speed, increase distance and the lateral spacing with respect to reaching a number of vehicles. All activities run smoothly, without sudden movements. Also be aware that in the autumn and winter daylight hours are shorter and drivers often have to use headlights. Remember: seeing yourself enough, you also be visible to others, and dirty steklorasseivatel reduces brightness. Very hard driver at night when it rains. The light reflected in the flow of water can be deceiving. Wet road surface becomes a "mirror" reflecting headlights of moving cars. It should be more attentive to other road users – do not forget to switch the lights on low beam. Many training centers offer improved driving skills in the winter period, special programs for rapid adaptation to the city mode. In order not to lose a car, no self-confidence requires a special set of skills. Skills of safe driving in critical situations.