Moche Realms Main article: Culture Moche To name this great culture, there are many names, Max Uhle, called it “Proto Chimu Culture, Julio C. Tello’s called “Culture Muchik and modern archaeologists prefer ‘” Moche “or” Mochica Culture. ” The catchment area includes the valleys of the rivers La Leche, Reque, Sana (Lambayeque), Chicama, Moche, Viru (La Libertad), Santa, Nepe a, Casma and Huarmey (Ancash). Had “insights into the Sierra de Cajamarca (Pacopampa) and Ancash” (R. Matos). The direct area of influence is about 7,000 square kilometers. The first villages in the formation of this culture are located at the mouth of the river Jequetepeque, at a place called Dos Cabezas, in this place is home-style pottery Viru, Moche ritual together with ceramics. The core of this culture was seated in the Moche River valley.That settled a sacred city and the seat of government Mochica. The residues of this city are the Temples of the Sun and the Moon. Other important settlements are Galindo and Pampa Grande. Julio R. SEGUMAR Villanueva Sotomayor, urban minority (10 000 inhabitants) dominated the peasant majority (300 thousand inhabitants) and were required taxes in kind and labor. (“Peru in ancient times,” orial Empresa Nacional SAC, Lima, Peru, p. 104). The most important feature of the Moche culture is its unique pottery. Federico Kauffman Doig said: “This is due to its rich figurative ceramics, both the historical rate as the pictorial type.” With good reason, Horka Heimer said that represents a “picture dictionary.” The realistic nature of Moche pottery has been made that she is an invaluable source for knowledge of the life of this town. The Moche ceramics used a fine paste and dominated the control of oxidation in the burning.Like all Peruvian culture, agriculture was the main subsistence activity. They had perfect control of the corn, “better quality and performance than their predecessors.” Their crops were beans, cassava, pepper, peanuts, Lima bean, pumpkin, lucuma, pacae, cherimoya, etc. For the planting of the above products, the Mochica managed large-scale hydraulic works and was one of the best of old. Farmers in this culture, paid their land sown with guano from the islands, they pulled from the coastal islands of the Sea of Grau. Fishing was another important Mochica activity, practiced on board their horses of reeds, with them the Moche were penetrated several kilometers offshore, but before people were calling and navigation, and exploited marine resources, including those obtainable only deep dive. Extracted sea smelt, liza, bonito, croaker, cojinova and other marine species. Gave added value to the drying salt fish, which was traded with other cultures.Their fabrics were cotton and cane, and exchanged for wool from llamas. They gave much importance to trade relations with other regions, so they built an intricate network of paths that moved the burden on the backs of flame of a “coastal species stronger than the mountain.” Exchanged their products for others in need. Socially stratified society Mochica: Moche society was a pyramid: at the top was the king and his court, which controlled the government, divided in turn into quasi-state cities and royal houses panacas or the way they would the Incas. And in the broad base, the peasants, the army and servants. The state was elitist, domineering and oppressive. “Holding the economic, political and military had become more systematic, more organized and stronger” (Julio R. Villanueva Sotomayor, “Peru in ancient times,” SAC Empresa ora Nacional, Lima, Peru, pp. 106).Moche society had a powerful army and warrior, had a high sense of national security. The military Moche lived with priests taking control of both caste society. To this culture belong the remains of the “Lord of Sipan” found in 1989 by Peruvian archaeologist Walter Alva Alva, director of the Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum in Lambayeque. Teresina Mu oz – Najar wrote in the magazine Caretas July of 1999, as follows: “The Moche figurines tell everyday aspects of his life. How planted, how they hunted and what they ate. Utilitarian ceramics found in various tombs indicates how they were cooking. Cooked food to steam, boiled, roasted on the barbecue or macerated. At this time legendary concerns the creation of ceviche, Peruvian dish consisting of raw fish cooked with acid fruits and pepper.Never used oil (not known although they could have done peanut or corn) and no traces of animal fat Friera. A look at what it referenced and described in the iconography of the Moche figurines and some gourmet safaris in the north used to reconstruct the table of the Lord of Sipan Sunday best. Ceviche of sole cooked with chili juice jolt, guinea-pig and chicha garlic, cooked slowly in a clay pot, smeared with peanut shells (ground), cooked in tomato and cilantro, beans in honey locust point flavored by the broth and fresh peccary meat, lobsters, crabs and prawns seasoned with herbs from the field are, among others, the plates that make up the menu of this feast Moche. “Teresina Mu oz Najar, Magazine “Masks”, July 1999 GGC11C Another Mochica society companion was the dog, it seems that there were two types of them, the hunting dog, which was a carnivore and was therefore well developed and molars the landlord, who was less carnivorous and thus it had developed its molars.

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