Statute Cities

STATUTE OF the CHILD AND the ADOLESCENT a new approach for the question of the treatment to infancy and youth Recognizes as important and indispensable the application of the Statute of the Child and the Adolescent, but for the true effectiveness of its ampler implementation they are demanded measured of character social and objective, who act of form to support the citizen, authorizing to it the necessary conditions for stimulating improve its quality of life and the consequent change of its behavior before its family and the society. The E.C.A conscientiously implanted will consist in the efficient instrument for the development and consolidation of a concept of citizenship in perfect accord with the principles and objectives enunciated in the Great Letter. STATUTE OF the CHILD AND the ADOLESCENT SUGGESTIONS FOR DEBATE In the year where the complete ECA 21 years an evaluation of what it was carried through in them leads obligatorily to an important and inevitable constatao: we need leaning over in them on the context of this valuable instrument to understand accurate extension and depth of its objective; to eliminate the strangulation points that had so far made impracticable its effective implantation; in them to involve decidedly in works and action aiming at to its correct application. Law 8069/90 is good and aims at to raise the social condition of children and adolescents, as well as of its families, but the intention esbarra in difficulties generated for diverse factors. All an administrative and legal structure was created with the best one of the intentions: Conanda (National Advice); CEDCA (state Advice); City council of Rights; Advice To tutor; Courts of Infancy and Youth; Promotorias de Justia, all involved ones in the search of the implantation of this new vision that the ECA intends to implant and to incorporate the Brazilian reality. Let us consider, however, the social conditions and economic-financiers of the country and, for extension, of the families: 1) We have a high tax burden and in the distribution of the resources the parcel biggest is for the Government Federal; 2) As the distribution of the collected sum the population of each one is made through views to the cities, considering, the transferred values is irrisrios for the small cities if to consider that: 2.1) Of the 5570 Brazilian cities around 4200 (more or less 75%) they possess inferior population the 20 a thousand inhabitants each one; almost the totality of them shows aspects of absolute poverty.

Dream Big

People often fall into different extremes. Some years on the sofa and indulge in dreams. Others on the contrary, have become "truly adult, and generally stopped dreaming. They live in a brutal invented reality and trying to impose this reality around them. What's better, you ask? Answer. Bad as the first and second choice. In the first case, a person attached to his far-fetched illusions and doing nothing in my life live life to their fantasies and thoughts.

In the second case the person also did not shine, because he is afraid or simply too lazy to look through quite a low fence that protects its territory and see how much interesting is there for him. Well, here you can advise only one thing to develop imagination and fantasy, there's nothing more to add. And for those who are doing nothing, the council cease to read and reflect, and roll up your sleeves and make real steps. Now let's consider the following variant. Do you really want to achieve something in life, even make any attempt to implement your plan, but all in vain. You simply not enough energy to bring the matter to an end, or even hard even to lift his fifth point with a warm couch. What is the problem here? The answer is obvious. You do not have enough energy for action. And you can even really want to reach your goal, but to make even a small you are unable to. Look closely at the picture.

The Modernization

Being clearly occured modifications in the relations of work, thus weakening, the movement peasant. He is valid to stand out that the modernization in on agricultural production to the usineiro process followed the called method of ' ' It saw Prussiana' ' in which, according to Lnin, ' ' the capital penetrates in the field keeping the great agrarian property and the monopoly of the land, from where it promotes the modernization and the transformations of the social relations delayed and arcaicas&#039 agrarian; ' (apud AZEVDO, P. 21). It is in this prussiano model that goes to have an alliance enters the large estate owners northeast Brazilian next to an industrial bourgeoisie (usineiros), that with its new techniques of production, they go ' ' invadir' ' the agricultural production and to provoke the changes in the relations of work of the agricultural areas, that is, the transformation of peasants in wage-earning agricultural workers. Changes these that are marked deeply by the maintenance of the exclusion politics of the campesinato. In other words, it attributes to this model of development an modification in the form of if producing, without eliminating the coronelista mandonismo, keeping, thus some aspects of the local politics.

E in this conjuncture, we can identify at this moment, a productive modernization, keeping the forms of exploration of the work, thus not having, no concrete modification in the representation of the patronage of the agrarian regions, taking advantage still the old representation of the authoritarian gentleman of device. The northeast region is a faithful picture of such reality, that in clear way it keeps well-known social inaquality. The maintenance of a relation based on the local mandonismo is a present historical inheritance in the Brazilian agricultural areas and not even the modernization of the production inside of these regions obtained to modify this reality. For the opposite, with a bigger complexity inside of the relations of work in the field, it has seen, the presence of new forms of work, with the sprouting of the agricultural wage-earner, it made it difficult the access of the families peasants to the land and the freedom.

Chalk Professor

Of the chalk to PowerPoint It had time where the professor was a person who wise person much thing and therefore taught. It had a time where, to teach, the professor counted on its knowledge, picture, chalk and the attention of the pupils. It had time where the pertaining to school universe was different of what it is today. But the things had moved. Sciences had evolved; the philosophies had proliferated the life perspectives and of understanding of the world, they had produced new positions in the world.

Thanks to the accumulated knowledge technologies, so wonderful had been constructed that they make in them to think that did not have a time where all different age and the technologies did not exist. But it had a time where all different age. But still well that everything moved. Better saying: still well that many revolutions had happened, bringing the conquests that had improved the world. thus we can live in a world of technological advances that in allow incredible things and facilitate our life them. It is clearly that still today the professor counts on a classroom. In many public schools still the picture and the chalk are gifts.

In some the picture started to be white and the chalk lost space for the brush, or caneto, they call as it in some regions. But this also was an advance: the writing, in the picture, can be colorful, with an alive, different coloring of that embaado of the chalk colorful and desconfortvel; moreover, the environment higienizou: it does not have plus that horrible chalk dust even so nobody comments on the possible toxicity of the ink of the used brush in the white picture. Still today the professor counts on a group of pupils which dirige its education. By the way, he is for that exists the professor: to teach (to show the signal; to evidence the sina).

Hans Kelsen

On the other hand, when this is observed that a fact fully is not explained by a physical law, not subsiste more as law, but only as moment of the knowledge that if puts in new way, capable to enclose the not foreseen and conflicting fact. In the ethical world, of us if each new fact it involved the destruction of the rule there! Sanction is all consequence that if adds, intentionally, to a norm, aiming at to its obligator fulfilment. Sanction, therefore, is only that wanted, desired consequence, ece of fish with the specific end to tutor a rule. When the measure if coats with an expression of physical force, has properly what coercion is called. The coercion, of that as much says the jurists is, thus, a species of sanction, that is, the sanction of physical order. According to Aristotle, the term justice denotes, at the same time, legality and equality. Thus, just it is as much that one that fulfills to the law (justice in strict direction) how much that one that carries through the equality (justice in universal direction). Justice implies, also, in alteridade.

A time that justice is equivalent the equality, and that equality is a relationary concept (that is, differently of the freedom, the equality always mentions one another one to it, as we can evidence of the sensible lack of in the phrase ‘ ‘ Joo is igual’ ‘ if compared with the phrase ‘ ‘ Joo is livre’ ‘), it is impossible, according to Aristotle and Santo Toms de Aquino to practise an injustice against itself exactly. But in metafrico direction we could speak in injustice against itself, but, in this in case that, the term injustice can more adequately be substituted by one another vice of the character.

Rio De Janeiro

The proportionate conditions for the age of the Empire, as well as the emergency of the multitude as agent politician capable to not only produce corporeal property, but also knowledge, information, ideas and affection that allow the expansion of the common one and strengthen the trend after-modern that it sends to an organization of the resistance in net, allows in to glimpse them the possibility of a future where it invigorates a global democracy. Added collective intelligence to the affection becomes viable the project of the multitude, conceived for Hardt and Negri as a project of the love. The new movements that not only demand the global democracy value the singularity of each one as organizador basic they claim as it as a process of autotransformao, hibridizao and miscegenation. The multiplicity of the multitude is not only one question of being different, but also of devir different. Devir different of what you are! These singularidades act in common, therefore, form a new race, that is, a subjectivity politically co-ordinated that the multitude produces.

The primordial decision taking for the multitude is in the reality the decision to create a new race, or, better a new humanity. When the love is conceived politically, therefore, this creation of a new humanity is the supreme act of love. (HARDT; NEGRI, 2005, p.444) the desire of a world where the equality and the freedom prevail, aspects norteadores of a global democracy that the construction of a life favors in common and that today it seems possible of being materialize, appears as the base what Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri they call ‘ ‘ project of multido’ ‘. it is important to always have in mind that one another world is possible, a better and more democratic world, and to promote our desire of this world. The multitude is a symbol of this desire.